HPLC separation of different groups of small polar compounds on a novel amide-embedded stationary phase
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CitationAral, H., Aral, T., Çelik, K. S., Ziyadanoğulları, B., & Ziyadanoğulları, R. (2014). HPLC separation of different groups of small polar compounds on a novel amide-embedded stationary phase. Chromatographia, 77(11-12), pp. 771-781. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-014-2678-9
Retention behaviors of an amide-embedded silica base stationary phase, which was recently developed by our group, were studied by using six different groups of small polar compounds including phenolic compounds, substituted anilines, chlorinated herbicides, Sudan dyes and some nucleotides and nucleosides in HPLC. The chromatographic behaviors of the prepared stationary phase for these analytes were compared with those of a commercially available reversed-phase column ACE C18 under same conditions. Among the six groups of analytes studied, the amide-silica stationary phase showed enhanced selectivity towards phenolic compounds, substituted anilines, Sudan dyes and herbicides under reversed-phase conditions and satisfactory selectivity towards nucleosides and nucleotides which could not be separated with ACE C18 column under HILIC conditions. Experimental data provided some evidence that functional groups on the stationary phases might have certain degrees of influence on selectivity possibly through secondary interactions with the model compounds. The retentions of the moderately polar compounds such as phenolic acids, anilines and herbicides on the stationary phase are higher than highly polar compounds such as nucleotides and nucleosides due to both the hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions between the stationary phase and analytes. The quantitative determination of Sudan dyes (I, II, III, and IV) in red chilli peppers was performed. Many red chilli peppers were screened and three of them contained Sudans dyes.
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