Sensitive voltammetric determination of testosterone in pharmaceuticals and human urine using a glassy carbon electrode in the presence of cationic surfactant
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CitationLevent, A., Altun, A., Yardım, Y., Şentürk, Z. (2014). Sensitive voltammetric determination of testosterone in pharmaceuticals and human urine using a glassy carbon electrode in the presence of cationic surfactant. Electrochimica Acta, 128, pp. 54-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.10.024.
In this work, the electrochemical investigation of testosterone, a steroid hormone from the androgen group, was carried out in aqueous and aqueous/surfactant solutions using a glassy carbon (GC) electrode. In cyclic voltammetry, the compound showed one irreversible and adsorption-controlled reduction peak. Addition of cationic surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) was found to enhance the reduction current signal of testosterone, whereas, anionic (sodium dodecylsulfate, SDS) and non-ionic (Tween 80) surfactants exhibited opposite effect. Using square-wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry, the current showed a linear dependence with concentration in the range between 10 and 70 nM in Britton–Robinson buffer, pH 5.0 containing 3 mM CTAB. A detection limit of 1.18 nM (0.34 ng mL−1), and relative standard deviation of 4.12% for a concentration level of 35 nM (n = 11) were calculated. This method was successfully applied for the analysis of testosterone in oil-based pharmaceutical preparations and urine samples without any separation.
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